By Contributing Editor Will Johnston
This guide is intended for use with the Growandmake.com Soy Candle Making Kits
Welcome to your new hobby of soy candle making! Soy candles are at least 90% cleaner burning than their petroleum counterparts, and because they burn at a cooler temperature than paraffin, soy candles will generally burn 25-50% longer.
IMPORTANT: Wax has a flash point generally between 290-380 degrees and may burst into flames once it reaches that point. Always use a thermometer when melting wax, and be careful when handling the hot wax. Children should NOT be left unsupervised when making candles. growandmake.com assumes no responsibility for injury which may result from candle making.
Let’s get started!
MELTING THE WAX
Be sure you are using soy wax that is specific for container candles – A different type of soy wax is used for votive and other mold candles. Begin melting the wax in a pot on the stove (8 oz of wax for an 8 oz container). Clip the thermometer inside the pot you are melting the wax in, and keep a close eye on the temperature of the wax at all times. The temperature of the melted wax should be regulated around 170 degrees.
Once your melted wax is at 170 degrees you can add your candle dye. One Flutter Dye™ per pound of wax will give you a medium shade candle, half a Flutter Dye™ will make your color lighter, and 2 Flutter Dyes™ will make your candle darker. Stir the color with the wax for a full two minutes so the color will bond with the wax.
Be sure you are using fragrance oils designed specifically for candle making, such as the fragrance oils for sale on www.growandmake.com and included in some of our candle making kits. These fragrance oils are pure and very concentrated, and 1 oz is generally enough to scent 8 lbs of wax. Depending on the amount of wax you are melting, adjust the portion of fragrance oil you are using. Pour in the pre-measured amount of fragrance oil and stir slowly for two full minutes. This will allow the wax, fragrance oil and color to bond together.
GETTING READY TO POUR
After the color and fragrance have been added, let the wax cool to 110-115 degrees and stir frequently while cooling. Allowing the wax to cool before before pouring will help prevent the cracking, flaking and discoloration that is common with soy waxes. You will want to use a candle pour pot or pyrex pitcher to pour the wax into the jar. First warm your pour container in the oven so the wax won’t harden on it. You may glue the wick to the bottom of the candle container before pouring or place the wick in the jar after wax has been poured.
POURING THE CANDLES
Dip the warm pour pot or pitcher into the wax or pour the wax from the melting pot into the pour pot/pitcher. Now pour wax into the jars; pour as slowly as possible to avoid bubbles. Leave about 1” of open jar at the top, and keep some remaining wax to do a second pour on the candles after they cool. Adjust and center the wick, trying to keep the wick as straight as possible before the wax begins to harden.
POKING RELIEF HOLES
To avoid trapped air in the wax, it is a good idea to poke relief holes in the candles. After a few hours you may notice that the wax is forming a sink hole in the middle of the candle as it cools. This is normal and is the time when you should poke several holes around the wick in the jar.
You will need a second pour of wax to fill the sinkhole and any air pockets that you might have exposed by poking relief holes. Be sure the candle is completely cool before you begin the second pour. Depending on the size of the candle it will take anywhere from 6-16 hours before it is ready for a second pour. Heat the leftover wax again, this time to about 180 degrees. Stir wax for one minute, then pour about ½” above the first pour on the candle.
Let your candles cool completely and trim down the wick if desired. Congratulations, you have made your own soy candles! Now that you are ready to make more, visit www.growandmake.com to purchase a Candle Resupply Kit and other candle making supplies.